Garden Types

The features of Japanese Teahouse Garden

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The Japanese Teahouse Gardens are garden area around the teahouse and pathway from entrance to the tea house, called “Roji” in Japanese.
This gardens have their only beautiful style that is different from typical Japanese garden, such as pond strolling gardens and dry gardens.

It is a peaceful place to escape from urban noise and has a relaxing atmosphere.

The style of Japanese Teahouse Garden

The teahouse garden is represents  a rustic scenery for the guest to concentrate on tea ceremony, therefore the natural ornaments are arranged and small flower tree are planted.
In general, there are a middle gate in Japanese teahouse garden. And this gate divides garden into two parts, an outer garden (Soto Roji) and an inner garden (Uchi Roji) by a middle gate. Each garden has a different purpose.

An outer garden

Outer garden of Rakusui-en, the stucco wall with stones and roof tile on the right side, the bamboo fences on the left side
Outer garden of Rakusui-en, the stucco wall with stones and roof tile on the right side, the bamboo fences on the left side


The Outer garden is border between the modern world and the teahouse.This type of garden is surrounded by evergreen trees, bamboo fences or stucco wall for the purpose of making the teahouse and garden sacred.

An Inner garden

Inner garden of Rakusui-en with Japanese Andromeda and  stepping stones
Inner garden of Rakusui-en with Japanese Andromeda and stepping stones

On the other hand, The inner garden is design for a part of teahouse view. The Trees in harmony with teahouse are planted such as small flower trees, Symbol tree, bushy hedges and moss. In addition to trees and moss, some natural ornaments are arranged.

The ornaments of Japanese Teahouse garden

Tukubai (stone basin) and Toro (Stone Lantern) in Shofuen
Tukubai (stone basin) and Toro (Stone Lantern) in Shofuen

Teahouse gardens are designed for guests to prepare for the tea ceremony. There are the Tukubai (stone basin) to wash their hands, the Koshikake-matiai (Bench in the Teahouse garden) to wait until tea ceremony is ready, and the Toro (Stone Lantern) to illuminate the road. What’s more, the colorful felt carpet and umbrella are arranged  in some Japanese teahouse gardens to make them shine.

How to find a good view

The View from the bench in Shofuen
The View from the bench in Shofu-en

It is easy to find a good view point in tea house garden,because  it is designed so that guests can see it naturally during the process of a tea ceremony. The view from  the middle gate which they go through, the bench that they wait for tea ceremony, the stone basin which the guests wash their hands, and tea room. Every area is calculated but created naturally.  

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